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设备维修中电气故障排除方法

日期:2017/3/7 23:13 点击数:639 
在实际生产过程中,电气故障出现的范围很广,并且出现的故障是千变万化的、随机的。排除故障的方法只能根据故障的具体情况而定,没有固定的模式和统一的标准,本文是笔者在维修工作的过程中的总结体会。

检测、排故设备

一、排除电气故障的基础

天天乐棋牌PAICHUDIANQIGUZHANGDEJICHUSHIZHIPAICHUDIANQIGUZHANGSHISUOJUBEIDEBIYAOTIAOJIAN。YAOXIANGCHEDIPAICHUGUZHANG,JIEJUESHIJISHENGCHANZHONGSUOCHUXIANDEWENTI,JIUBIXUYAOGAOQINGCHUGUZHANGFASHENGDEYUANYIN。

1、DUIWEIXIURENYUANDESUZHIYAOQIU

天天乐棋牌ZUOWEIYIMINGDIANQIWEIXIUJISHURENYUANYINGJUBEIYIXIATIAOJIAN:

①ZHUANYEZHISHIMIANGUANG。YINGJIBENZHANGWOHUOLEJIEJISUANJIYUANLI、DIANZIJISHU、DIANGONGYUANLI、ZIDONGKONGZHIYUDIANLITUODONG、JIANCEJISHU、JIXIECHUANDONGJIJIXIEJIAGONGGONGYIFANGMIANDEJICHUZHISHI。JIYAODONGDIAN、YOUYAODONGJI。

天天乐棋牌②QINYUXUEXI,SHANYUFENXIHEZONGJIE。DIANQIWEIXIURENYUANYAOTISHENGZIJIDELUOJISIWEINENGLI,YAOYOUYIGESHANYUFENXIDETOUNAO。

③YOUJIAOQIANGDEDONGSHOUNENGLIHESHIJIANJINENG。DIANQIXITONGDEXIULILIBUKAISHIJICAOZUO,WEIXIURENYUANYINGHUIDONGSHOUDUISUOXIUXITONGJINXINGCAOZUO,CHAKANBAOJINGXINXI,JIANCHA、XIUGAICANSHU,DIAOYONGZHENDUANGONGNENG,DUISHEBEIJINXINGSHOUDONGHESHIYUNXINGCAOZUO;YINGHUISHIYONGWEIXIUSUOBIXUDEGONGJU、YIBIAOHEYIQI。DUIWEIXIURENYUANLAISHUO,DANDAXINXI,JIGANYUDONGSHOU,YOUXIXINYOUTIAOLISHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODE。

2、BIYAODEJISHUZILIAOHEJISHUZHUNBEI

天天乐棋牌①WEIXIUZILIAODEWANSHANHEZHENGLI

天天乐棋牌DIANQISHEBEIWEIXIUZHONGDEYIGECHANGJIANWENTISHIZILIAOBUQUAN,WANGWANGZHIYOUQIANGDIANBUFENDEDIANQIYUANLITUHUOZHESHEBEISHIYONGSHUOMINGSHU。

天天乐棋牌② GUANYUBIYAODEBEIJIANWENTI

天天乐棋牌DUIYUDIANQIXITONGDEWEIXIU,BEIJIANSHIBIBUKESHAODE,ZAIYUDAOGUZHANGSHIRUWUBEIJIANKEDIAOHUANHUOSHIYONG,WUXINGZHONGHUITUOYANPAICHUGUZHANGDESHIJIANHEZENGJIAWEIXIUDENANDU。

天天乐棋牌3、LEJIESHEBEIDEYUNDONGXINGSHIHEGEYUANQIJIANZAISHEBEIDEJUTIWEIZHIJIXIANLUDEBUJU

DUIDIANQISHEBEIJINXINGWEIXIUSHI,SHOUXIANYAONONGDONGBINGSHULIANZHANGWOSHEBEIDEDIANQIKONGZHIYUANLITU,LEJIESHEBEIDEGONGZUOLIUCHENGHEYUNDONGXINGSHI,BINGZONGJIEGAISHEBEIDEDIANQIKONGZHITEDIAN。

二、故障的检测和排除方法

天天乐棋牌JUBEILEYIDINGDELILUNJICHU,ZHANGWOLESHEBEIDEGONGZUOYUANLI,DANZAISHIJICAOZUOSHIWEILEYOUXIAODIJINXINGFENXIHEPANDUAN,SHUNLIDIZHAOCHUGUZHANGDIAN,HAIXUJUBEIYIDINGDESHOUDUAN,ZHEIJIUSHIPAICHUGUZHANGSUOXUDEJIANCESHOUDUANJIYIBANFANGFA。

1、GUZHANGDEJIANCE

① DIANZUFA

天天乐棋牌TONGCHANGSHIZHILIYONGWANYONGBIAODEDIANZUDANG,CELIANGDIANJI、XIANLU、CHUTOUDENGSHIFOUFUHESHIYONGBIAOCHENGZHIYIJISHIFOUTONGDUANDEYIZHONGFANGFA,HUOYONGZHAOOUBIAOCELIANGXIANGYUXIANG、XIANGYUDIZHIJIANDEJUEYUANDIANZUDENG。

② DIANYAFA

DIANYAFASHIZHILIYONGWANYONGBIAOXIANGYINGDEDIANYADANG,CELIANGDIANLUZHONGDIANYAZHIDEYIZHONGFANGFA。

③ DIANLIUFA

DIANLIUFASHITONGCHANGCELIANGXIANLUZHONGDEDIANLIUSHIFOUFUHEZHENGCHANGZHI,YIPANDUANGUZHANGYUANYINDEYIZHONGFANGFA。

2、GUZHANGDEPAICHUFANGFA

天天乐棋牌CHANGYONGDEFANGFAYIBANYOUYIXIAJIZHONG:

① CHANGGUIJIANCHAFA

天天乐棋牌YIKAORENDEGANJUEQIGUAN,ZHEIZHONGFANGFAZAIWEIXIUZHONGZUICHANGYONG。

天天乐棋牌② TIHUANFA:JIZAIHUAIYIMOUGEQIJIANHUODIANLUBANYOUGUZHANG,KETIHUANSHIYAN,KANGUZHANGSHIFOUXIAOSHI。

③ ZHIJIEJIANCHAFA:DUIZAILEJIEGUZHANGYUANYINHUOGENJUJINGYAN,PANDUANCHUXIANGUZHANGDEWEIZHI,KEYIZHIJIEJIANCHASUOHUAIYIDEGUZHANGDIAN。

④ ZHUBUPAICHUFA:RUYOUDUANLUGUZHANGCHUXIANSHI,KEZHUBUQIECHUBUFENXIANLUYIQUEDINGGUZHANGFANWEIHEGUZHANGDIAN。

⑤ DIAOZHENGCANSHUFA:YOUXIEQINGKUANG,CHUXIANGUZHANGSHI,XIANLUZHONGYUANQIJIANBUYIDINGHUAI,XIANLUJIECHUYELIANGHAO,ZHISHIYOUYUMOUXIEWULILIANGDIAOZHENGDEBUHESHIHUOYUNXINGSHIJIANZHANGLEYOUKENENGYINWAIJIEYINSUZHISHIXITONGCANSHUFASHENGGAIBIAN,CONGERZAOCHENGXITONGBUNENGZHENGCHANGGONGZUO,ZHEISHIYINGGENJUSHEBEIDEJUTIQINGKUANGJINXINGDIAOZHENG。

三、排除故障的一般步骤

PAICHUGUZHANGMEIYOUGUDINGDEMOSHI,DANZAIYIBANQINGKUANGXIA,HAISHIYOUYIDINGGUILVDE。TONGCHANGCAIYONGDEBUZHOUDAZHIKEFENWEI:ZHENGZHUANGFENXI→SHEBEIJIANCHA→QUEDINGGUZHANGDIAN→GUZHANGPAICHU→QUERENXIAOGUO。

1、ZHENGZHUANGFENXI

① XUNWENCAOZUORENYUAN:YIHUODESHEBEISHIYONGJIBIANHUAGUOCHENG、SUNHUAIHUOSHILINGQIANHOUQINGKUANGDEXINXI,HAIKEYILEJIEDAOYIXIEGUOQULEISIDEGUZHANGXIANXIANG、YUANYINYIJICENGJINGCAIQUDECUOSHIDENGFANGMIANDEQINGKUANG。

① GUANCHAHECHUBUJIANCHA:DUISHEBEIJINXINGQUANMIANDEGUANCHAWANGWANGHUIDEDAOYOUJIAZHIDEXIANSUO。

③ KAIDONGSHEBEI:YIBANQINGKUANGXIAYINGYAOQIUCAOZUORENYUANANZHENGCHANGCAOZUOCHENGXUKAIDONGSHEBEI。RUGUOGUZHANGBUSHIZHENGJIXINGDEZHISHIDIANQIKONGZHIXITONGTANHUAN,KEYICAIYONGSHIYUNZHUANDEFANGFAKAIDONGSHEBEI,BANGZHUWEIXIURENYUANDUIGUZHANGDEYUANSHIZHUANGTAIYOUGEZONGHEDEYINXIANG。

2、SHEBEIJIANCHA

GENJUZHENGZHUANGFENXIZHONGDEDAODECHUBUJIELUNHEYIWEN,DUISHEBEIJINXINGGENGXIANGXIDEJIANCHA,TEBIESHINEIXIEBEIRENWEIZUIYOUKENENGCUNZAIGUZHANGDEQUYU。YAOZHUYIZHEIGEJIEDUANYINGJINLIANGBIMIANDUISHEBEIZUOBUBIYAODECHAIXIE,FANGZHIYINBUSHENZHONGDECAOZUOYINQIGENGDUODEGUZHANG。

3、QUEDINGGUZHANGDIAN

GENJUGUZHANGXIANXIANG,JIEHESHEBEIDEYUANLIJIKONGZHITEDIANJINXINGFENXIHEPANDUAN,QUEDINGGUZHANGFASHENGZAISHENMEFANWEI,SHIDIANQIGUZHANG,HAISHIJIXIEGUZHANG?SHIZHILIUHUILU,HAISHIJIAOLIUHUILU?SHIZHUDIANLUHAISHIKONGZHIDIANLUHUOFUZHUDIANLU?SHIDIANYUANBUFENHAISHICANSHUDIAOZHENGBUHESHIZAOCHENGDE?SHIRENWEIZAOCHENGHAISHISUIJIXINGDE?DENGDENG。GENJUQIANMIANSUOJIANGDEZHENGZHUANGFENXIHEDUISHEBEIDEJIANCHA,ZAILINGHUOYUNYONG“PAICHUGUZHANGDEYIBANFANGFA”,ZHUBUSUOXIAOGUZHANGFANWEI,ZHIZHIZHAODAOGUZHANGDIAN。

4、GUZHANGPAICHU

ZAIQUEDINGGUZHANGDIANYIHOU,WULUNSHIXIUFUHAISHIGENGHUAN,PAICHUGUZHANGDUIDIANQIWEIXIURENYUANXIANGDUILAISHUO,YIBANBICHAZHAOGUZHANGYAOJIANDANDEDUO。DANZAIPAICHUGUZHANGZHONGYIBANBUKENENGZHIYONGDANYIDEFANGFA,WANGWANGDUOZHONGFANGFAZONGHEYUNYONG。

天天乐棋牌①ZAIPAICHUGUZHANGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YINGXIANDONGNAO,HOUDONGSHOU。JUTIYINGZUNXUNXIANWAIBUHOUNEIBU→XIANJIXIEHOUDIANQI→XIANJINGHOUDONG→XIANGONGYONGHOUZHUANYONG→XIANJIANDANHOUFUZA→XIANYIBANHOUTESHUDEYUANZE。

②YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,YISHEBEIDEDONGZUOSHUNXUWEIPAICHUSHIFENXI、JIANCEDECIXU。YIZHEIWEIQIANTI,XIANJIANCHADIANYUAN,ZAIJIANCHAXIANLUHEFUZAI;XIANJIANCHAGONGGONGHUILUZAIJIANCHAGEFENZHIHUILU;XIANJIANCHAZHUDIANLUZAIJIANCHAKONGZHIDIANLU;XIANJIANCHARONGYIJIANCEDEBUFEN(RUGEKONGZHIJU),ZAIJIANCHABUYIJIANCEDEBUFEN(RUMOUYISHEBEIDEKONGZHIQIJIAN)。

5、QUERENXIAOGUO

故障排除完以后,维修人员在送电前还应做进一步的检查,通过检查证实故障确实已经排除,然后由操作人员来试运行操作,以确认设备是否已正常运转,同时还应向有关人员说明应注意的问题。